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Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest Base Camp Trek Detail Before Trekking

It is a once-in-a-lifetime experience to see Mount Everest, the highest snow-capped mountain in the world, up close. One fantastic experience is traveling through the difficult hiking trails around the Everest Region, which offer breathtaking landscape and a unique culture to explore. However, trekking in this place is not like drinking tea; you must be well-prepared for the cost, the route, the guides, the porters, the mountain sickness, the carrying of items, and many other factors. 

Everything you require to have the most amazing hiking experience of your life is provided here. 

I brought the best guide on how to successfully trek to Everest Base Camp.

Everest Base Camp Trek overviews

Walking through the charming villages in the area adds to the enjoyment of your trip, even if the Everest Base Camp Trek involves rugged terrain and a very steep ascent. 

Your true adventure begins here after you take the quick adventure flight to Lukla, which takes around 35 minutes. Enjoying the distinct culture and customs of the Sherpa people while strolling through a lush forest adorned with blossoming rhododendrons and over suspension bridges.

As you travel down the path, you will come across a glacier and numerous snow-capped peaks, such as Ama Dablam, Nuptse, Lhotse, and Mount Everest. 

touring the Sherpa community’s densely populated Namche Bazaar and the region’s oldest and highest-altitude monasteries, Tengboche. 

Hiking Kalapatthar: This trek’s picturesque vantage spots provide sweeping views of the surrounding snow-capped summits, including Mt. Everest, Mt. Lhotse, Nuptse, and numerous other peaks. 

The trek to Everest Base Camp is amazing!

Everest Base Camp Trek facts

  • Destination: Everest Base Camp
  • Trek difficulty: difficult
  • Distance: 120 Km
  • Trekking days: 12 days
  • Total hiking/ascent: 6015 meters
  • Total descent: 5821 meters
  • Accommodation: Tea house/lodge

Major Attractions of Everest Base Camp Trek

Mt. Everest

Mt Everest is the highest and the most famous peak in the world. Walking to Everest, you will also see the world’s fourth-highest peak Mt Lhotse, and also its neighboring peak Nuptse. The best place to view the stunning views of Mt Everest is from Kalapatthar. The summit views of Everest are blocked by Nuptse from the base camp until you reach Kalapatthar. Trekking to the Everest region you will also see the gorgeous fifth-highest peak, Makalu, and many more.

Kala Patthar

You can enjoy expansive views of the surrounding snowy peaks from the Everest Base Camp Trek’s picturesque vantage point. Normally, the Nuptse blocks these views from its base camp. You won’t be let down after taking a quick trip to these rugged highlands. 
Magnificent Mt. Everest, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Nuptse, Mt. Ama Dablam, and many more can be seen from Kalapatthar.

Everest Base Camp

Few people are aware that Everest Base Camp does not offer views of the mountain’s peak, despite being the starting point for the world’s tallest mountains and a dream destination for adventure seekers. Reaching Everest’s base camp is a significant accomplishment as well as an exciting trip. 

Reaching the top camp atop the massive peak via trekking is an incredibly fulfilling experience.

Tengboche monasteries

Tengboche Monasteries, the oldest monasteries in Khumjung, are a Sherpa monastery perched at an elevation of 3867 meters in Tengboche village. Together with being the biggest in the Khumbu area, this monastery provides sweeping views of the snow-capped peaks of Tawache, Thamserku, Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Nuptse.

Sagarmatha National park

The first national park in the nation, Sagarmatha National Park was created in 1976 and is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In Namche Bazaar, the park is situated atop a hill. At least 118 bird species, including the Himalayan monal, crimson pheasant, red- and yellow-billed cough, and numerous other uncommon birds, have their habitats protected by the park. A number of endangered mammal species, including as the Himalayan wolf, snow leopard, musk deer, and Himalayan thar, are unique to Sagarmatha National Park.

Weather and temperature of Everest Base Camp Trek

As you are aware, it is impossible to forecast the weather at a high altitude. If you are trekking in the Everest region in the off-season, you need exercise extreme caution because the weather can be highly unpredictable. Trekking becomes more tough and challenging when there is bad weather in the area. However, when trekking during the busiest season, the weather is generally steady. However, the nighttime lows can drop below freezing, so you’ll need to carry all the layers and warm clothing you’ll need.

Because even the start of the walk can be delayed due to weather, trekking in the Everest region requires preparation. There is no other way to get to the Everest region quickly than by plane to Lukla. The early flights to Lukla are frequently canceled due to inclement weather. Good weather is required for a safe landing at the Lukla airstrip. Lukla is regarded as one of the world’s most perilous airports for the same reason. Therefore, you should allow a few extra days to complete your journey and ensure a seamless experience when hiking in the Everest region.

The world’s tallest snow-capped mountains, which range in elevation from 5500 to 8848 meters, are found in the Everest region. Depending on the local climate and conditions, trekking can be both easy and difficult in this area. When climbing the passes during the hot, wet, or cold seasons, the route can be quite difficult. Winter deaths can be mostly caused by snowfall and avalanches. 

The greatest seasons to trek in the Everest region are spring and fall because of the region’s consistently pleasant weather during these seasons. 

We shall go into detail about each of the four seasons here:

Spring season:

In Nepal, springtime is the best time of year for trekking and mountain climbing of all kinds. The weather is clear, fairly consistent, and warm enough at altitude during this time of year. When compared to other seasons, there is a lower likelihood of rain, clouds, and natural disasters. Because of the extremely warm temperatures at high elevations and the lack of snow at very high altitudes, this is the best time of year to climb. March through May are the three months that make up the spring season. You may climb Kalapatthar with ease during this season, and it will be an excellent time to climb Mount Everest if that is your goal. 

In addition, the Everest Three Passes (Renjo la Pass, Cho La Pass, and Kongma La Pass) are not as challenging to climb as they would be in an other season.

Trekking in the spring is the best time to explore the Himalayan regions of Nepal with peaceful surroundings and clear views because of the good weather. However, because of wind storms and wind speed, trekking during this season may present challenges. During these periods, you can also take part in the local festival. This time of year will make the excursion extremely memorable and exciting.

Monsoon Season:

In Nepal’s Everest region, the monsoon season is regarded as the off-season for hiking. The monsoon season lasts from June through July and August. The surroundings will be more verdant and the air will be exceptionally clean during this time of year. However, the sky is unclear and the clouds may make it difficult to appreciate the scenery. The monsoon season provides clear and picturesque views because it typically rains all night and into the next morning. However, when the clouds part, the skies get clearer, removing all of the dust and revealing stunning views of snow-capped mountains.

The rainy season is another name for the monsoon season. This is the period of year when the earth gets a lot of rain. The benefit of this season is that the rain removes all debris and dust from the pathways, revealing pristine views of the sky and snow-capped peaks. But when strolling in the forest, a lot of rain might bring with it creatures like leeches. The path can be treacherous and exciting. Trekking to Everest Base Camp during the rainy season can be incredibly lovely if none of these things disturb you. Trekking during this season has the added benefit of being able to secure nice lodging and eating facilities at a good price because the route is less congested. 

You don’t have to be concerned about sharing your space with anybody. Every step of your journey can be peacefully enjoyed.

Autumn season:

In Nepal, autumn is the ideal time of year for hiking and mountaineering. These include the months of September, October, and November. It’s a clear and really beautiful day. The autumn season, which lasts until November, begins in mid-September, right after the monsoon season ends.

The time of year provides excellent vision, allowing you to see the surrounding landscape and the snow-capped mountains. At this time of year, the weather is fairly fresh and clear, with low temperatures not getting too hot or high temperatures too cold. The nights are fairly cold and the days are very warm. However, the sun makes it a very lovely day to stroll. At the high altitude, the average daytime temperature is about 20°C, and the average nighttime temperature is 5°C. The summit region is nice and comfortable during the day, even though it gets rather chilly at night.

Winter season:

There are still plenty of green spaces in nature, the weather is stable, and you can see the snow-capped peaks in the distance. 

Since this is the most popular time of year to hike and explore, there will be a lot of people traveling along the path. It can be congested and challenging to acquire a single room at a higher altitude, so it is advisable to book your accommodation in advance to prevent this issue.

When the sun is shining, the average temperature increases to 17°C, and at night, it falls below freezing. On sunny days, the temperature is very moderate, but it is extremely cold in the morning and at night.

Trekking in the winter is particularly difficult since there are many obstacles to overcome. Your stroll will be disrupted by strong snowfall and a lot of snow. Avalanches and other natural disasters are also very likely. 

The high elevations will stay closed due to the high snow-level pass. Since they all move to lower elevations, you won’t often see open teahouses in the altitudes. To stay safe when trekking in the cold at high altitudes, you must bring the appropriate warm clothing. In addition, this time of year is ideal for anyone who wish to take a serene stroll while overcoming obstacles and experiencing some amazing views of the snow-capped mountains.

Gear and equipment for Everest Base Camp Trekking

Higher altitude trekking requires careful planning on what to bring and what not to. What should I wear and what shouldn’t I wear on the trek? You can be thinking of a lot of questions. Now, let’s talk about what equipment you should pack for your climb to Everest Base Camp. 

Carrying varied gear is necessary when trekking in different months. For instance, you should bring warm clothing as winter has just ended if you intend to go on a hike in the spring. You should also pack light clothing for the day. Carrying waterproof gear is necessary if you plan to trek during the monsoon season. It implies that different clothing is needed for different seasons. Thus, be careful to pack appropriately for the weather.

Remember that carrying too little or too much gear might cause problems and difficulties, so be sure to carry the appropriate quantity. Bringing extra items for the hike can make your altitude walk quite challenging. You might not have the opportunity to savor each stroll and take in the breathtaking surroundings. Therefore, ensure that you only need to carry the minimum amount of gear for short day treks like Ghorepani Poon Hills and many others, but that you bring more gear if you intend to spend more than a week at high altitudes like Everest Base Camp, Everest Base Camp Three Passes, Annapurna Circuit, and Annapurna Base Camp.

In case you are still uncertain about what to pack, I have enumerated some essential items that you must not overlook:

Traveling bags:

  •  Day packs
  •  Duffer bags
  •  And Puck bags with waterproof covers


  •  Sunglasses
  • Woolen hat
  • Sun Hat
  • Scarf
  • Headlight

Upper body:

  •  Light T-shirt
  • Waterproof jackets
  • Thermal Vest
  • Lightweight thermal tops
  •  Fleece Jackets
  • Pullover
  • Women’s sports bra, synthetic

Lower body:

  •  Fleece pants
  • Waterproof shell pants
  • Lightweight walking pants
  • Hiking short
  •  Undergarments


  • Lightweight fleece gloves
  •  Heavyweight gloves
  •  Water and windproof gloves


  • Hiking boots
  •  Camp sandals
  • Pair of walking poles
  • Thick warm wool hiking socks
  •  The inner socks

Other accessories:

  • Sunscreen
  • First Kids
  • Sleeping bags
  • Pillowcase and other night accessories
  • Water purifiers
  • Hand sanitizers
  • Towel
  • Wet wipes
  • Toiletries
  • Rain cover
  • Sleeping bags
  • Liner
  • Earplugs
  • Trekking poles
  • Sunglasses
  • Headlight
  • Towel
  • Lock
  • Waterproof bags
  • Camera
  • Portable charger
  • Books
  • Cards
  • Passport and money

Things to be careful during the Everest Base Camp Trek

Flight cancellation

One option to reach the Everest region is to take a direct flight to Lukla, which offers breathtaking mountain vistas, unusual flora and wildlife, and many other benefits. However, the success of this journey is largely dependent on the trekking day’s weather. As a result, you must have two average days or more to make up for any missed or canceled days.

You can start or finish your journey by following the Jiri road head town if you don’t want to skip any days. This is an alternate route to Lukla that avoids the airplane. It is the only road route and the trekking path that lead up to the Lukla airport. However, this also takes a few days to get to the Everest region. Take your time and select the desired path.

Altitude sickness

Altitude sickness, also called mountain sickness, is the result of going to higher altitudes; to put it another way, it’s just the issue of having your body react badly to rushing or fast trekking. 

Keep in mind that the oxygen level at 5643 meters, which you will reach on the Everest Base Camp hike, is significantly lower than it is at sea level. Within a few hours, you can find it difficult to walk if you are not acclimated to the height from sea level.

Numerous unpleasant symptoms, such as weariness, headache, nausea, and dizziness, will become apparent to you. You can also see a lot of additional signs. It’s referred to as acute mountain sickness or altitude sickness. Don’t try to ignore these sensations because you could die from severe altitude sickness as well. 

If you see any of the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness described above, please let your friends or a guide know so they can take preventative precautions.


  •  Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Severe Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficult for breathing
  • Problems in sleeping

Preventative measures:

To keep your body hydrated, consume four to five liters of water daily. 
Steer clear of alcohol—it can quickly cause dehydration—as well as tobacco and drugs. When traveling at high elevations, avoid using sleeping tablets in particular. 
When you initially discover the symptoms and indicators of altitude sickness, stay away from intense exertion for a full day. 
Ascend high and down low is the general rule to follow. If you ascend more than 1000 meters a day, be sure to descend and rest at a lower level to avoid altitude sickness.

Steer clear of meat and limit your intake to a balanced diet of regional specialties, such as Dal Bhat, which is high in protein and improves your ability to walk at an altitude. 
Bring along some chocolate bars to help you stay stronger and give you more energy for the altitude trek. 
Move to a lower altitude as soon as you can if you experience difficulty, discomfort, or notice any indications of altitude sickness. Share this information with your friends or your trained guide right away.

Everest cough

Another important thing to watch out for when trekking at Everest Base Camp is the Everest/Khumbu cough. Your coughing fits will become more frequent as you ascend higher. You’ll experience excruciating discomfort when coughing. Using a mask is the best approach to prevent the Khumbu cough. A handkerchief will suffice in this situation. To stop coughing, you can also take cough syrups or various candies. Thus, exercise extreme caution when hiking at a high altitude and always put your body and health first.

Insurance for Everest Base Camp trek

staying in one of the most isolated places on the planet for at least a week. Although the walk is not dangerous, it might present a number of obstacles, hazards, and other problems; for this reason, insurance is necessary. 

Trekkers almost always have to have insurance because even a minor accident, like a sprained ankle, can turn into a nightmare and can be very expensive. 

It can be difficult to find the right insurance policy that fully compensates for the events and surroundings related to the Everest Base Camp journey. This article will assist you by providing details on all available insurance policies for the trek

So your Everest Base Camp Trek insurance should include/cover your:

  • Altitude sickness
  • Accidents
  • Baggage
  • Illness
  • Flight Cancellation

Guide and porter for Everest Base Camp Trek

As far as we are aware, the popular Everest Base Camp Trek offers breathtaking natural beauty, a distinct culture and tradition, and an exciting high altitude that completes the area’s attractiveness and challenges. But traveling alone to Everest Base Camp is really challenging. 

Certain treks, including as the Everest Base Camp, Ghorepani, and Annapurna Base Camp treks, are extremely well-managed and offer first-rate facilities. While hiring a guide and porter is not required for trekking on these routes, we strongly advise it in order to have a competent to help you find your way and a porter to help you move your heavy bags. 

It’s physically and mentally taxing to trek in Everest Base Camp, so having an experienced guide will make you feel more at ease and liberated. Carrying your bulky luggage will be less stressful if you have a porter. They will be the first to respond in an emergency and will take good care of your security and safety. 

They assist you in getting to know the locals, share with you all of their knowledge about the area, provide you with information about the trek’s attractions, local food, their culture, and traditions, among many other things that you would not be able to learn about or experience on your own. 

Hiring a porter to help you with your bulky luggage will allow you to walk with less worry and more time to take in the scenery and surrounding wildlife.

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